COSTA RICAN - OPINION
What is killing the bees?
CSF I San José June 5th, 2019
Bees are dying: monoculture agriculture is killing them since it destroys it hábitat. Massive deforestation is ending up with biodiversity and habitats of a lot of organisms which accomplish with specific ecosystemic labors. This type of agriculture is ending with service that beneficial insects and with the pollination that bees, birds, and flies do.
Herbicides, pesticides, and insecticides such as Glyphosate, Neonicotinoid, Chlorpyrifos, Malathion, and spinosad; the list ends less. Is important to remark that the combinations of all of these products are what is killing the bees. The pesticide cocktail blocks their immune system. It increases the incidence of a pathogen that causes an infection in the middle bee intestine, and when this happens, it prompts malnutrition and early death. The biocide combination alters their central nervous system, which causes disorientation, communication, navigation, learning processes, and odor memory problems. Some of the bees are sick or weak, and this limits them to find food or access their beehive with their new plagues and sicknesses. Bees are being killed by Monoculture agriculture with flowers that contains killers nectars.
Bees are being killed by the agrochemical business that is managed by a few transnationals. Corruption from condescending governers with this industry and indifference from users and producers who thinks that biocides are not a risk.
Climate change is another big factor, unstable precipitations, and extreme cold weathers, winds, and droughts. Summers that do not arrive, and winters that last longer than expected, that affects the flowers cycles and phenology, and foraging bees. We are eliminating bees with the climate change that is caused by our industries that relies on fossil fuels, our consuming, transportations habits, upgrowing populations, and modern life. We enforce climate change with extensive cattle raising and with agro-food system base on monoculture agriculture.
We live in a Biodiversity crisis in which all of us form part of it. It may be a conscious action or not, but we have viscously altered the balance of the Earth. Bees and other pollinators are the vivid examples of this crisis, and their ongoing extinction must catch our attention. In Guatemala, Costa Rica, and other parts of the world; eco-agriculture farmers are saving bees lives with their cultural and clean, and healthy agro-food system. But these situations are not only related to producers. Saving bees from extinction it goes through stopping the loss of biodiversity. We have to start changing those humans activities that are causing unbalance such as monoculture agriculture that profoundly harms biodiversity. This type of agriculture generates around 70% of deforestation in Latin America during 2000 and 2010.
Monoculture is ending bees, other pollinators life, and biodiversity. This can not continue at the expense of forests, ecosystem health, life, and natural resources. Small scale eco-agriculture farmers are the important allies in this crisis, but they can not embrace it alone; it is necessary to have an alliance with countries and governors. On one hand, eco-agriculture farmers from Guatemala are trying to save bees from extinction. On the other hand, the country through governments that continuous supporting and financing the elimination of the Mediterranean fruit fly program.
During 10 years, this program has been spreading Spinosad, which is a highly toxic product for bees, pollinators, and humans. To stop the loss of biodiversity, and bees and pollinators extinction, it is necessary to start creating awareness and try to be more conscious with our actions.
Life is what keeps us on Earth, and economic activities like agriculture are taking life away from us just because people are shifting life for money. Money that it would not have any significance when all natural resources and human life become extinct
The graph shows the results of the investigation of SOLATINA (Sociedad Latinoamericana de Investigacion en Abejas) which indicates that during a year: 2016 to 2017; 56,1 %, of mellífera beehives were lost in Chile; 12,6 %, in Ecuador and Peru, and Brasil lost 41% of native stingless bees beehives.
Written By a curious, enthusiastic being, and a little bit more, Natalia Lopez.
This article is based on the author´s impressions;it does nor represent the views or opinions of CSF
Translated By Débora Solís
Translated By Débora Solís